The history of Polyhrono begins in 650 BC, when they came to the Kassandra peninsula Eretria and founded the colony of Naples, which, despite "all the barbarian invasions managed to survive until 540 AD when it was destroyed by the Huns. In the 11th century, gathered in this region agro-pastoralists and built the village "Polyhro" which named so because of the many flowers that were there. The village, during the revolution of 1821, was burned and destroyed. Some years later,few survivors who had run away to save their lives, they returned and rebuilt the village, which due to its verbal corruption was named Polichrono.
The history of Polyhrono begins in 650 BC, when they came to the Kassandra peninsula Eretria and founded the colony of Naples, which, despite "all the barbarian invasions managed to survive until 540 AD when it was destroyed by the Huns. In the 11th century, gathered in this region agro-pastoralists and built the village "Polyhro" which named so because of the many flowers that were there. The village, during the revolution of 1821, was burned and destroyed. Some years later,few survivors who had run away to save their lives, they returned and rebuilt the village, which due to its verbal corruption was named Polichrono
One of the few world sundials of GrecoRoman times, having intact identified, retrieved during excavations Polichrono Chalkidiki. This finding is even more important, as sundials were made for this latitude, that was accurate only to the place where usually manufactured. The clock of Polychrono is so constructed that may indicate the correct time each day both in Halkidiki and in Rome, France or China. The archaeologist of 16 Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Bettina Tsigarida, which has dedicated many years of professional activity in the Halkidiki region,especially the ancient Kassandrias, was rewarded with this finding but also with the unique elements that pulled for viticulture and beekeeping on the Halkidiki peninsula, in ancient times.The clock was located in a building of late antiquity Polichrono and the information given is impressive clarity. "The clock consists of a hemispherical surface, which are engraved eleven lines which separate it into twelve parts, corresponding to the hours of the day. Vertical in these three other incised lines corresponding to the winter solstice, equinox and the summer solstice. Inthe middle of the hemispherical surface is mounted a bronze scale, which shades the hemispheric and depending on the position of the twelve parts shows the time of day. The shadow of the watch has the same length all hours of the day, but change length depending on the time of year.The shorter length is observed when the winter solstice and gradually increased up to the maximum during the summer solstice. So the owners of the clock were able to calculate not only the hours of the day, and the date, "said Mrs. Tsigarida newspaper" Ethnos ". According to the archaeologist, "in Halkidiki should be reached as an offering in a temple, perhaps of Zeus Ammon."
The visitor should observe closely the church of Agios Athanasios (1912), patron of the village square of Christ with the Church of the Nativity of Christ, which dates from 1863 and finally the open mill with the press. It is also worth to visit the ancient cemetery and the wooded hill of the Acropolis of the ancient city. It can also savor indigenous highest quality products like olive oil,honey, fruits and fish.
Polychrono Lake Mavrobara
Three kilometers off the main road, west of Polychrono, a road leads to the heart of the mountain of Cassandra. There, at an altitude of 200 meters. is a small lake called Mavrobara and of great ecological interest. Monument since 1997, is a unique beauty wetland visited by many tourists every year. Here are the three rare species of European watertortoises Testudinata (testudo hermanii boetgeri, emys orbicularis & mauremys caspica), which are endangered and find refuge in the calm waters. Protected by the Bonn Convention N.2719 and the European Union Directive on the conservation of wild flora and fauna. It is unique in the Kassandra peninsula lake and is,indeed, a part of nature and an area wider peninsula Chalkidiki causing the admiration of visitors.The area was named after its inhabitants Polychronou, because in our country a place that stops water and small size, always in relation to the sea, called "bar". Moreover characteristic phrases ... "flooded the house and became bar", "the waters were gathered bar" and others. This lake is actually small in size. You must be a whole around 200300 sq.m. Named "Mavrobara" the black paint was water. This name (always talk about the first component, ie. The adjective black) should be resulted from the following reasons:
From black to take the water of the lake, as they landed in that the shadows of towering pines who went around. From the "moss", and other aquatic plants which were in abundance in the water, as well as other objects that fall at times therein and the depth of which should not exceed 10 meters. The creation should be due to landslides many centuries ago. In 1995 hunting Cassandra club built with stone faucet running always cold water while the Forestry Cassandra placed on wooden benches outside the lake cleaned area. Also has fenced space in an area of 10 acres and have set up information for the common signs of the Forest Service in 2001. It is worth a walk to the Mavrobara that besides turtles, has several hiking trails, churches, springs and rare vegetation and all that few kilometers from Polychrono.